WHAT IS MYOPIA?
Myopia is more commonly referred to as nearsightedness, or the inability to see objects clearly at a distance. Unfortunately, many eyes do not grow to an ideal length by the time a child reaches adulthood. Myopia occurs when the globe of the eye has grown longer than its ideal length. This causes light to focus on the front of the retina instead on the retina.
A person with myopia (nearsightedness) will not be able to see things clearly at a distance without wearing corrective lenses such as glasses or contact lenses.
Myopia is on the rise – in its frequency and its severity. The reason for its escalation has been linked to two factors:
Genetics play an important role in developing myopia. A child where both parents are myopic has a much higher chance of developing high myopia (over 6.00 D) than one with only one or no parent that is myopic. Children who are nearsighted at a young age (10 years old or under) are likely to become highly myopic.
The environment also plays a major role in worsening the degree of myopia. Many studies have linked urbanization and education to myopia. Long hours of reading, computer use and near work, in general, are believed to be negative environmental factors in developing myopia.
There are many studies that show outdoor activities with sun exposure helps to slow down increases in myopia. A lack of sun exposure can be a contributing factor to the development of myopia in children. A rule of thumb for a good amount of outdoor activities to prevent myopia progression is 12 hours a week for children during their growth years.
Children who spend more time on activities like reading or using handheld devices instead of spending time outdoors are more likely to become myopic.
Slowing down myopia progression by 50% can reduce the chance of developing high myopia by 90%. It is also known that the higher the myopic prescription, the higher one's chance of losing vision later in life. Therefore, slowing down the lengthening of the globe of the eye to keep myopia at the lowest possible degree is of utmost importance to our children.
MYOPIA MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS
There are three distinct treatment therapies for myopia management. Click below to learn more.
Night Wear Ortho-K is by far the most proven and effective in the control of myopia progression. Ortho-K also has the additional benefit of not having to rely on glasses or contacts to see well during all waking hours. Children, especially those who actively participate in sport activities, love the crisp vision afforded without corrective lenses not to mention the added confidence and self-image of not having to wear eyeglasses. Virtually 100% of all night wear Ortho-K patients do not need to use glasses to see well during the day.